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What to Expect After a Mesothelioma Diagnosis: A Timeline

Mesothelioma doesn’t happen overnight. What comes down to a single diagnosis is typically years in the making. Continue reading for a full timeline of developing mesothelioma. For a comprehensive list of doctors and specialists you may interact with before, during, and after your mesothelioma treatment, visit our My Cancer Care Team — Who’s Who? page.

As this illustration shows, mesothelioma always starts with asbestos exposure.
Asbestos Exposure

Exposure to asbestos is the beginning of the mesothelioma timeline. This durable, fire-proof mineral was mined and used extensively in products such as insulation and brake pads during much of the 1900s. Most mesothelioma patients encountered asbestos on the job or during military service. In 1977, the International Agency for Research on Cancer recognized asbestos as a carcinogen (a cancer-causing substance). Since then, most new uses asbestos have been phased out in the United States, although the material is still not entirely banned.

Learn More: Which occupations are most at risk of asbestos exposure?

Mesothelioma has a naturally long latency period. This image shows a doctor going over the different stages of mesothelioma as it is developing.

Development of Mesothelioma

Asbestos exposure generally happens decades before symptoms appear. The time between exposure and the development of mesothelioma is called the latency period. Asbestos fibers trapped inside the body lodge in the lining of the chest and abdomen, resulting in inflammation, irritation, and scarring. This causes the body to lubricate the area more, leading to fluid buildup, which can cause cell mutation and the development of malignant mesothelial cells. Asbestos can directly interact with the chromosomes, affect cell signaling and induce mutations and pathologic changes that can lead to fibrosis and mesothelioma.

Learn More: Find out how asbestos causes mesothelioma.

The onset of mesothelioma symptoms will start out as benign. This picture shows the doctor explaining symptoms that don't seem life-threatening and are fairly common.
Onset of Symptoms

Common symptoms of mesothelioma include chest or abdominal pain, a painful cough, difficulty breathing, or unexplained weight loss. These symptoms can be mistaken for those of less severe conditions, like pneumonia or the flu, earlier in the timeline. If you experience these or other mesothelioma symptoms, alert your primary care physician (PCP) immediately, especially if you have a history of asbestos exposure. They may give you an x-ray or refer you to a specialist.

Learn More: Identify the symptoms of mesothelioma.

After being diagnosed, a specialist will explain the patient's prognosis: as seen in this image.
Diagnosis and Prognosis

The diagnostic process will involve a series of imaging tests, blood tests, and biopsies to reach a definitive mesothelioma diagnosis. Because mesothelioma is so rare, many doctors have never seen or treated mesothelioma. For this reason, and because the disease often mirrors other, less severe illnesses, you will want to work with an experienced mesothelioma doctor. You may also want to seek a second opinion. After your diagnosis, your cancer care team will run additional tests to determine the stage and mesothelioma cell type present in your tumors. This will help them plan the best course of treatment to establish a timeline and maximize your life expectancy.

Your PCP will likely refer you to a pulmonologist if they suspect your lungs are affected or a gastroenterologist if they suspect your abdomen is affected. These doctors will usually take an x-ray or fluid biopsy. A pathologist will analyze your biopsy to better understand the results and possible treatment options. Often times, they may have to consult with pathologists who have experience in mesothelioma diagnosis. If they determine that you have cancer, they will refer you to an oncologist or surgeon for further diagnosis and to outline a course of treatment.

Learn More: How do doctors diagnose mesothelioma?

A rare cancer, such as mesothelioma, requires special treatment. This illustration shows a specialist implementing chemotherapy with a patient.

You will work with your doctor and the rest of your cancer care team — which may include an oncologist, surgeon, and/or radiation oncologist — to determine the best course of treatment. Your cancer care team may also have other team members like a genetic counselor or specialized nursing staff. The primary treatments for mesothelioma usually include surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation. These treatments aim to remove as much of the cancer as possible. Your doctor may also recommend emerging treatments, such as immunotherapy or clinical trials. Nurses and their support team will provide your pre- and post-operative care.

Learn more: How do you treat mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma patients typically have a team of specialist to help them through their recovery process, as illustrated here.

After treatment, you’ll need time to recuperate. Recovery takes place in-between treatments and includes rest and any palliative care necessary to relieve disease or treatment-related symptoms. You may receive care either at the hospital or at home following primary treatment. During recovery, you are likely to work with the nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and other support staff on your care team. They will ensure your comfort following treatment and help with pain management. You may also work with a dietitian or physical therapist. During and after recovery, you will continue meeting with your cancer care team to track the results of your treatment and assess the need for future care.

Learn More: You can improve your mesothelioma prognosis.

Mesothelioma isn't something that develops naturally. It is usually something that is done due to a companies negligence. For this reason, people diagnosed with mesothelioma are often eligible for legal action and can meet with lawyers to learn of their options, as illustrated in this image.
Take Legal Action

Following a definitive mesothelioma diagnosis, you should file for VA benefits (if applicable) and speak with a qualified mesothelioma attorney. Most mesothelioma patients are entitled to financial compensation as a result of being negligently exposed to asbestos. You may also want to look into support groups in your community.

Take Action: Call the Mesothelioma Hotline number at the top of the page to speak with a patient advocate. Or request a free case evaluation from an experienced mesothelioma attorney.

There are ways to fight asbestos-using companies and make sure this doesn't happen again. Raise your fist, as seen in this image, and fight to ban asbestos.
Join the Fight

There are many ways you can join the fight against mesothelioma and asbestos-related disease. Engage in the community and share your story. Lobby against asbestos manufacturers. Participate in walks and fundraisers that support a mesothelioma cure and spread awareness or donate to research firms.

Take Action: Learn more about the fight to ban asbestos.

Mesothelioma Hotline

Mesothelioma Hub is dedicated to helping you find information, support, and advice. Reach out any time!

Mesothelioma Hotline

We’re here for you every step of the way.

(205) 271-4100